Massive and imposing, the Canary Island date palm is the center of attention wherever it is planted. Growing up to 60′ tall, the thick, hulking trunk is covered with interesting diamond designs that mark the point of attachment of the leaves. The massive trunk supports a huge crown of over 50 huge arching pinnate leaves that may reach 18′ long. These leaves are deep green shading to a yellow stem where the leaflets are replaced by vicious spines.
In areas of high rainfall, like Florida, these palms are often seen with ferns growing from among the old leaf stems. Decomposing leaf litter and other fibrous matter collect there creating an absorbent compost that sword ferns love, forming a hanging garden just below the palm’s canopy.
The orange dates are formed on drooping, highly branched infloresences and are very decorative. They are edible but not very tasty.
This palm is very slow growing when young. Once the trunk reaches it’s full diameter the growth rate increases. Fertilize in spring and summer. It is tolerant of most well drained soils. Keep lawn grasses and mulch away from trunk. Use light, fast draining soilmix when growing in containers.
Light: Likes a bright, sunny situation.
Moisture: Adult specimens are drought resistant. Water young plants for healthy look and fastest growth.
Hardiness: USDA Zones 9-11 Frost tolerant. Can survive 28 F without cold damage.